IVIE stands for Influenza Vaccine Immunization Education. Influenza Vaccine Immunization Education (IVIE) is a self-guided learning module for nursing students to gain training specific to the administration of influenza vaccine in organized clinics for communities of people. IVIE addresses the following:
- Influenza: a virus spread by respiratory droplet. The incubation period is 1 – 4 days, with an average of 2 days. Clinical characterization is an abrupt onset of respiratory signs and symptoms, such as fever, myalgia, headache, malaise, nonproductive cough, sore throat, and rhinitis. Otitis media, nausea and vomiting are common in children. Uncomplicated influenza illness typically resolves after 3—7 days. Epidemics of influenza typically occur in fall and winter. Risk of complications, hospitalization, and death are highest among the people 65 years and older, young children, and those with medical conditions that place them at greater risk (http://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/disease/spread.htm).
- Vaccine: a vaccine provides immunity from a disease and administered per the manufacturer guidelines. Influenza vaccine is available as an injection or nasal spray. Vaccines are made annually and specific to known viruses. Consult the Centers for Disease Control for approved influenza vaccines (http://www.vaccines.gov/; http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd-vac/flu/default.htm; http://www.cdc.gov/flu/protect/vaccine/vaccines.htm).
- Immunization: Everyone aged 6 months and older should obtain an influenza vaccine annually. Recommendations are immunization before October or as long as the influenza virus is in circulation. It is estimated that it takes up to 2 weeks before antibodies develop and provide protection against influenza (http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/; http://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/season/flu-season-2015-2016.htm).
- Education: IVIE is an interactive training module for student nurses in preparation for participation at influenza vaccination clinics. IVIE covers the basics related to set-up of a clinic, delivery of influenza vaccinations, key components of documentation with rationale, and steps to take in the event of an emergency, such as an allergic reaction. The training steps are defined under IVIE Outline.